1. Governments should consult with private stakeholders in developing air cargo security protocols.
2. Regulations should be based on a fundamental understanding of air cargo operations, and should take into account distinctions among the different sectors of the air cargo supply chain.
3. Security cannot be pursued in a vacuum: governments must recognize it is in their interest to maintain commercial air cargo flows and should not develop unduly restrictive measures that focus only on security objectives, rather than commercial ones as well.
4. International harmonization of air cargo security regimes should be a priority for all countries.